During the 1940s, China was in the midst of a civil war between the Soviet-supported Communist Party of China (CPC) and the Western suppor
ted Kuomintang (KMT). Going on since the late 1920s, and enduring events such as the Sino-Japanese war during World War I, the CP
Mao1946.jpg
Mao in 1946
C, led my Mao Zedong, were able to overcome Chiang Kai-Shek and the KMT, forcing many of them to retreat to the island of Taiwan. Signalling an end to the civil war, this allowed Mao to finally establish his communist regime.

The People's Republic of China

Established on October 1st, 1949. Mao's method for unifying China though differed compared to its Russian counterparts. Mao referred to his ideology as "New Democracy" or "Democratic Centralism". This ideology in a sense was a dictatorship; Mao still wished to have power centralized on a certain individual or group, in order to better control and satisfy the needs of the people.The ideals of Mao Zedong were to firstly, unify China into a single state, as the states were ravaged after the civil war. There was mass land reform as well as nationalization of agriculture. Purges were also performed in order to better facilitate the process of creating equality for the citizens of China. Landlords that used to control the land, businessman, intellectuals, and those associated with the KMT, were largely repressed or executed as they were seen threats to the rise of the Republic. Purges were dominant in the beginning stages of the state, as Mao felt, similar to Vladimir Lenin, that the revolution must begin with the peasants, the working class. Therefore, there were several purge campaigns led in order to quell any resistance and rid any corruption in urban areas.
After purging political opponents and focusing largely on agriculture, Mao began to move forward with his single party state, this time focusing on education, industrial production, and technology.

The Hundred Flowers Campaign(百花運動)

Running under the slogan "Let a hundred flowers blossom and a hundred schools of thought contend", Mao's intention for this campaign was to allow liberal freedom for the intellectuals and scholars of the country to better suit the entire country's needs. After several years of tolerated criticism of the Communist system though, Mao quickly overturned his purpose of the program and began to purge those that opposed the current government. Over 300,000 were exiled or put into labour camps.

Some historians believe that the true purpose of the Hundred Flowers Campaign was to lure out enemies to the state, and therefore, eliminating any threat in the future of a revolution. This can further be supported that by eliminating those that are dissented with communism, the remaining population can better be united in a single ideology. Other historians argue against this, saying that Mao's intention was a step to better growth in a communist society, and that if not for Mao's fear of losing leadership, the campaign may have been a success.



The Little Red Book *TITLE*
During Mao's rule, he published a book, simply named the Little Red Book. The book contained many quotes from Mao, and was consistently edited by his sucessor, Lin Bao. By doing so Bao hoped to embed his place in Mao's political party. Although the book served no true purpose in the Chinese Revolution, it did help explain the Chinese population the ideology of Communism. In terms of authoritarian rule, the Red Book could be seen as a tool for propaganda and indoctrination by spreading Mao's values, and also changing the views of the Chinese people into communist supporters.
Examples of Quotes:
QUOTE
"The Chinese Communist Party is the core of leadership of the whole Chinese people. Without this core, the cause of socialism cannot be victorious"


The little book also commented on many of Mao's views for example the relations between the army and people, including the role of women.
QUOTE
"The army must become one with the people so that they see it as their own army. Such an army will be invincible.... "

The quote above supports indoctrination of the people, telling them to always cooperate with the army in any situation. This most likely led to the purges that happened in China.
The little book also commented on many of Mao's views for example the relations between the army and people, including the role of women. This supports the ideals of Communism that there is no class difference.
QUOTE
"[In agricultural production] our fundamental task is to adjust the use of labour power in an organized way and to encourage women to do farm work"

QUOTE
"Enable every woman who can work to take her place on the labour front, under the principle of equal pay for equal work. This should be done as quickly as possible. "

Although the book was able to help many of the Chinese people understand the Communist Ideals and the goals of Mao's rule, it was not quite as useful because many people say that the quotes themselves, do not make any sense at all.

BTW ...the quotes make no sense D;
http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/mao/selected-works/date-index.htm



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