Role of Women in WWII
World War II was being fought as a total war, thus mobilizing all of its available resources, including women. Traditional roles in the home were thrown out the window as women’s help was greatly needed in the war effort. In 1941, Britain even called conscription for women to help in the war effort. The Women’s Land Army was formed by the British government. Women in this organization replaced the men leaving farms to fight in the war, in order to prevent starvation, especially in case of supplies from Allied countries being prevented from reaching Britain by U-boats. The U.S.A. and Australia also formed their own Women’s Land Armies. Women were essential to factory work, making ammunitions, aircraft, parachutes, engines, among many other things. Women joined the army; The Auxiliary Territorial Service, the navy; Women’s Royal Naval Service, and the air force; The Women’s Auxiliary Air Force. They also became essential to civil defence, with many women taking roles as air raid wardens. With all of these contributions to the war effort, the role of women changed in society as a result of World War II. It was now evident that women could make as great a contribution to society as men.